1971 Indo Pak War Agreement

This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of ratification instruments. [4] The Simla Agreement, signed on 2 July 1972 by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, was much more than a peace treaty that sought to reverse the consequences of the 1971 war (i.e. military withdrawals and an exchange of poWs). It was a blue impression for good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. As part of the Simla Agreement, the two countries pledged to end the conflicts and confrontations that have affected relations in the past and to work towards lasting peace, friendship and cooperation. The Simla Agreement contains a number of guiding principles on which India and Pakistan have agreed and which both sides would adhere to in the management of relations between them. They insist on respect for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the other; non-interference in the internal affairs of the other; respect for unity, political independence; sovereign equality; and hostile propaganda. However, the following principles of the agreement are particularly noteworthy: the war deprived Pakistan of more than half of its population and, with nearly a third of its army, in captivity, the clearly established military and political domination of India of the subcontinent. [32] India has successfully conducted a diplomatic campaign to isolate Pakistan and skilfully manipulate countries supporting Pakistan to limit the level of support to Pakistan. [123]:596 In addition, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi`s state visit to Britain and France helped break the ice with the United States and block any pro-Pakistan resolution at the United Nations. [123]:596 In November 1971, there was also a meeting between Prime Minister Gandhi and President Nixon, during which she rejected the Council of the United States against intervention in the conflict. [123]596 Relations between India and Pakistan had been strained since the division and had deteriorated further after the 1971 war, leading to the founding of Bangladesh, known as East Pakistan.

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