Algiers Agreement 2000

Article 1: The parties definitively end hostilities between them. The parties fully respect and implement the provisions of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement. Among the sources consulted by the research directorate, no report could be found on the amnesty of deserters, tax evaders and/or shield objectors during the 1998-2000 war. A first group of prisoners of war from both sides was repatriated on 24 December 2000 and discussions were held for the repatriation of a second batch. ICRC Director Alain Aeschlimann revealed that the ICRC had previously „visited and registered” a total of more than 2,600 Eritrean prisoners of war in Ethiopia and more than 1,000 Eritreans in Ethiopia. A total of 2,881 Ethiopian and Eritrean prisoners of war were awaiting repatriation to their respective countries (ibid.). The Algiers agreement provided that the two states, fresh out of a costly two-year war, would accept a decision of the Eritrean and Ethiopian Border Commission (EEBC) as „final and binding”. However, when the EEBC withdrew its decision to award the city of Badme, the epicentre of the war that killed tens of thousands of two sides in Eritrea, Ethiopia, it withdrew from its engagement with the late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, who finally declared that Ethiopia would only accept the EEBC decision in „principle”, leading to a 16-year state of war without peace between the two countries and frustrated the international community. Arb lists the strengths of the peace agreement as follows: Addis Ababa, 05/2018 – After a one-day meeting of the 36-member EXECUTIVE committee of the ruling EPRDF, the Political Bureau said Ethiopia would fully accept the Algiers agreement of 12 December 2000, a peace agreement between the Eritrean and Ethiopian governments, which created a special border commission. The Algiers Agreement was a peace agreement between the governments of Eritrea and Ethiopia, signed on 12 December 2000 in Algiers, Algeria, to formally end the Eritrean-Ethiopian war, a border war waged by the two countries from 1998 to 2000. In that agreement, the two sides reaffirmed the cessation of hostilities agreement signed on 18 June 2000. [1] Eritrean President Isayas Afewerki and Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi signed a comprehensive agreement in Algiers…

By signing the peace agreement, the two heads of state had ended their two-year border war. OAU Secretary General Kofi Annan, Salim Ahmed Salim, Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo, Togolese President and OAU President Gnassingbe Eyadema, US Secretary of State Madeline Albright and US President Clinton`s envoy, Anthony Lake, took part in the signing … Annan, Salim, Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflike and AN EU representative, Rino Serri, also signed the agreement as witnesses (13 Dec 2000). By adopting the Algiers agreement, Ethiopia must withdraw its occupying forces from all areas attributed to Eritrea by the EEBC, including the city of Badme. Ethiopia also called on Eritrea to respond to the decision and work for lasting peace between the people of the two countries. Eritrea had accepted EEBC`s decision and refused to submit to further negotiations without Ethiopia first accepting the Commission`s decision.

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