Minsk Ii Agreement
Meanwhile, Kiev has accepted Russia`s political demands and the Steinmeier formula of 2015, named after the German foreign minister at the time, Frank-Walter Steinmeier. Steinmeier`s formula is gradually proposing measures to enable the Donetsk and Luhansk regions to gradually obtain special status. In this context, a key question remains how local elections can be held in these separatist-controlled areas. Meanwhile, Kiev`s agreement on the measure has sparked street protests across the country, with some deploring the move as a capitulation. Until Minsk-2 is achieved, the EU will maintain its sanctions against Russia, a measure that many Western countries have supported. At this stage, it is not clear whether the sanctions regime will be changed if changes to the peace agreement are made. But how could the conflict escalate? A victory for pro-Russian rebels in the 2019 Ukrainian elections could lead to this result, as well as a rapid growth of the far right and violent resistance in Minsk if Russia ever creates conditions in the Donbass that force Ukraine to implement the agreements. In both cases, radicals could be encouraged at both extremes, which could lead to protests or further violence outside the conflict zone, which Russian propaganda could use to continue to denigrate Ukraine as illiberal and ungovernable. In addition to the fact that it is likely that the conflict will continue to freeze. However, Minsk is generally seen as a bad agreement, which gives little incentive for Ukraine to implement, because its nature goes directly against the Ukrainian interests of Euro-Atlantic integration, national unity, social cohesion and true equality for all. Russian President Vladimir Putin was the only one to be completed in February 2015. The emerging regional presence in Russia, the European zeal to reach an agreement with the continent`s largest army and the reluctance of the United States to fight this army have left Kiev with Minsk as the only option.
Although it did not stop Russia`s intervention, the agreement was a useful instrument to keep all parties around the table and keep kinetic activity low. But as usual, Moscow remains ready to invade; Since their creation in 1991, Russian forces have been stationed along the border. Ukraine will always be where Russia wants it: right next door and on the grace of the Kremlin. Minsk-2 followed the Minsk 1 agreement negotiated in September 2014. The talks began after Russian-backed separatists launched an offensive that could have led to the encirclement of Debaltseve, a strategic transport hub between the cities of Donetsk and Luhansk.