Why Is It Called A Gentlemen`s Agreement
A report by the U.S. House of Representatives detailing its United States Steel Corporation investigation stated that in the 1890s there were two general types of associations or bulk consolidations between steel and ferrous interests in which different groups owned ownership, as well as a high degree of independence: the „pool” and the „Gentleman`s Agreement.”  The latter type lacked a formal organisation to regulate production or prices or forfeiture rules in the event of infringement.  The effectiveness of the agreement relied on members to meet informal commitments.  This, in some cases, led to gentlemen`s agreements in which Wall Street financiers, such as J.P. Morgan and his „House of Morgan”, would meet with the office to obtain prior authorization for mergers and acquisitions. One such example was the gentlemen`s agreement in which regulators and the president ignored the Sherman Antitrust Act, which allowed united States Steel Corp. to become the world`s first multi-billion-dollar company. In the automotive industry, Japanese manufacturers have agreed that no standard vehicle would have more than 276 hp (206 kW; 280 CH); The agreement ended in 2005.  German manufacturers limit the maximum speed of high-performance sedans (berlines) and breaks to 250 km/h.
  When the Suzuki Hayabusa motorcycle exceeded 310 km/h in 1999, fears of a European ban or regulatory intervention led Japanese and European manufacturers to limit to 300 km/h at the end of 1999 See list of the fastest series bikes. The end result may, in many cases, be higher cost or lower quality products for consumers. Worse, a gentlemen`s agreement can be used as a means of promoting discriminatory practices, as in a „network of old boys.” On the west coast, an intense anti-Japanese atmosphere developed. U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt did not want to anger Japan by passing laws banning Japanese immigration to the United States, as had happened with Chinese immigration. Instead, there was an informal „gentlemen`s agreement” (1907-1908) between the United States and Japan, in which Japan ensured that there was little or no movement in the United States. The agreements were concluded by U.S. Secretary of State Elihu Root and Japanese Secretary of State Tadasu Hayashi. The agreement banned the emigration of Japanese workers to the United States and repealed the order of segregation of the San Francisco School Board in California, which had humiliated and angered the Japanese. The agreement did not apply to the territory of Hawaii, which was then treated as separate and separate from the United States. The agreements remained in effect until 1924, when Congress banned all immigration from Japan.
 Similar anti-Japanese sentiments in Canada led simultaneously to Hayashi Lemieux`s agreement, also known as the Gentlemen`s Agreement of 1908, with substantially similar clauses and effects.  Gentlemen`s agreements between industry and the U.S. government were common in the 1800s and early 1900s. The Bureau of Corporations, a predecessor of the Federal Trade Commission, was established in 1903 to investigate monopolistic practices. In English contract law, for it to be binding, an agreement must have the intention of establishing legal relations; but in commercial transactions (i.e. agreements that do not exist between family members or friends), there is a legal presumption of „intent to establish legal relations”. In the 1925 case of Rose and Frank Co. v. JR Crompton – Bros Ltd., however, the House of Lords found that the phrase ” „This regulation is not …